This week the National Crime Agency (NCA) has launched a national campaign to raise awareness about “Sextortion” or web cam blackmail. This follows a recent BBC news report where in the past year, the suicide of four young men have been linked to concerns regarding blackmail online.
It is essential to recognise that if anyone aged under 18 is being blackmailed online following sexual activity then this must be identified as being child sexual abuse or online child sexual exploitation (CSE). Any cases involving under 18’s should be reported to the Police or CEOP immediately using existing school/setting child protection procedures.
The campaign content may however may still be helpful for secondary schools , sixth forms and colleges and professionals working with young people to discuss the issues of online abuse. DSLs may also find it useful to share the campaign with members of staff.
- Video Clip available via BBC (may be suitable for sixth form or colleges)
- Video Clip available via YouTube (Talking Head with NCA)
- Newsbeat – tips on how to deal with webcam blackmail or sextortion
- I’m Jess – web campaign
The following content has been adapted from the NCA campaign page and is aimed at adults (over 18s) targeted online.
What is “sextortion”?
Criminals might befriend victims online by using a fake identity and then persuade them to perform sexual acts in front of their webcam, often by using an attractive woman to entice the victim to participate. These women may have been coerced into these actions using financial incentives or threats.
These webcam videos are recorded by the criminals who then threaten to share the images with the victims’ friends and family. This can make the victims feel extremely ashamed and embarrassed and, tragically, here in the UK at least four young men have taken their own lives after being targeted in this way.
Both men and women can be victims of this crime, either by being blackmailed or by being coerced into carrying out sexual acts.
Who is behind this crime?
The NCA have evidence that organised crime groups – mostly based overseas - are behind this crime. For them it’s a low risk way to make money and they can reach many victims easily online. Victims are often worried about reporting these offences to the police because they are embarrassed.
What to do if you’re a victim of sextortion?
If someone threatens to share explicit images of you unless you pay them money:
- Don’t panic. Contact your local police and internet service provider immediately. The police will take your case seriously, will deal with it in confidence and will not judge you for being in this situation.
- Don’t communicate further with the criminals. Take screen shots of all your communication. Suspend your Facebook account (but don’t delete it) and use the online reporting process to report the matter to Skype, YouTube etc. to have any video blocked and to set up an alert in case the video resurfaces. Deactivating the Facebook account temporarily rather than shutting it down will mean the data are preserved and will help police to collect evidence. The account can also be reactivated at any time so your online memories are not lost forever. Also, keep an eye on all the accounts which you might have linked in case the criminals try to contact you via one of those.
- Don’t pay. Many victims who have paid have continued to get more demands for higher amounts of money. In some cases, even when the demands have been met the offenders will still go on to post the explicit videos. If you have already paid, check to see if the money has been collected. If it has, and if you are able, then make a note of where it was collected from. If it hasn’t, then you can cancel the payment – and the sooner you do that the better.
- Preserve evidence. Make a note of all details provided by the offenders, for example; the Skype name (particularly the Skype ID), the Facebook URL; the Western Union or MoneyGram Money Transfer Control Number (MTCN); any photos/videos that were sent, etc. Be aware that the scammer’s Skype name is different to their Skype ID, and it’s the ID details that police will need. To get that, right-click on their profile, select ‘View Profile’ and then look for the name shown in blue rather than the one above it in black. It’ll be next to the word ’Skype’ and will have no spaces in it. DO NOT DELETE ANY CORRESPONDENCE.
Remember that you’re the victim of organised criminals – you’re not alone and confidential support is available. You can get through this.
Further help and support
If this has happened to you and you’re under 18 please talk to an adult that you trust. It may feel like there is no way out, but there are professionals who can help you. You can also get help from:
- PAPYRUS provides confidential advice and support and works to prevent young suicide in the UK.
- Samaritans to talk any time you like in your own way and off the record
- Get Safe Online
- Revenge Porn Helpline
- Skype advice on protecting yourself from blackmail
Short advice to share:
“Sextortion – Has this happened to you?”
- Happening now? Call the police on 999
- If this has happened recently, call the police on 101
- Do not pay any money
- Stop communicating with the person immediately
- Report to your internet service provider
- Screengrab and write down as much information
as possible (see below for more info)
- If you’re under 18, report to CEOP
If Kent education settings are concerned about this issue, the learners they work with or require additional support or guidance regarding online safety then please contact the Education Safeguarding Team.